Instructions to authors - Proceeding papers OFE 2021


Authors are invited to provide a 1500- 2500 word paper (excluding acknowledgement and bibliography) and up to three tables and/or figures. The submission will be carried out through a form and figures/tables submitted jointly. 

As the conference supports the publication of a special issue of « Agronomy for Sustainable development », the guidelines for authors are extracted and adapted from ASD  (except for the length of the paper).


All manuscripts should be written in high-quality American English.


1. Introduction
2. Materials and methods (including subsections - 2.1, 2.2...)
3. Results and discussion (including topical subsections - 3.1, 3.2...)
4. Conclusion


Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:

  • Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
  • This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
  • This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995; Kelso and Smith 1998;
  • Medvec et al. 1993).

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. The DOI should be indicated when available.

  • Journal article
    Eden M, Gerke HH, Houot S (2017) Organic waste recycling in agriculture and related effects on soil water retention and plant available water: a review. Agron Sustain Dev 37 (2):21. doi:10.1007/s13593-017-0419-9

The names of all authors should be provided.

  • Article by DOI
    Coqueret V, Le Bot J, Larbat R et al. (2017). Nitrogen nutrition of tomato plant alters leafminer dietary intake dynamics. J Insect Physiol. doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2017.04.002
  • Book
    Mengel K, Kirkby EA (1987) Principles of plant nutrition. International Potash Institute, Bern

Book chapter
García-Tejero I.F., Durán-Zuazo V.H., Muriel-Fernández J.L. et al. (2011) Water and Sustainable Agriculture. In: Water and Sustainable Agriculture. SpringerBriefs in Agriculture. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 1-94

Online document
Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. Accessed 26 June 2007

Alloush GA (1990) The mechanism of mobilization of iron from soil minerals in the rhizosphere of Cicer arietinum L. Dissertation, University of Leeds

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word. For abbreviations, see

Figures and Tables


Tables are to be sent in pdf format. Figures must be sent in jpg format

Figure Placement and Size

  • Tables and figures should be uploaded as separated files at the submission stage. Their place in
  • the manuscript should be clearly indicated by authors, with the full caption (see Caption).
  • Figures must be legible if printed in one-third page size
  • Tables must not be bigger than ¾ page


  • The titles of figures and axes should be bold.
  • The Y-axis title should be written horizontally at the above-left of the graph, when possible. Preferably, a graph should contain a maximum of 3 curves.
  • Symbol legends are not accepted; the name of a curve should be written in the graph, beside the corresponding curve, using arrows if necessary.
  • Regression equations should not appear on the graph, but rather at the end of the caption
  • A figure should not contain too many sub-items, in order to be readable. Sub-items should not have any frame.
  • Authors are encouraged to use contrasting colors (red, blue, green…) to increase the readability of the figures.
  • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
  • Do not use background lines
  • All lines should be at least 1 pt wide
  • Do not repeat the curve names in the different sub-figures.


  • To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
  • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
  • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
  • Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.


A “scheme” or “photo” should be named “figure”. 

Table and Figure captions should be self-explanatory and must contain a brief description of the main scientific point of the figure, using 1–2 well-thought sentences: a figure should be almost understandable without reading the main body text of the article. Do not refer to colors in the captions in case readers print in black and white

The figure/ tables must be free of captions. The captions of tables and figures must be put in the text so that we can insert the Figure / Table at the correct place. 


« Our nested approach - using both top-down and bottom-up paths – has four steps, which are described in more detail in Table 1. 

  • In Steps 1 to 3, farming and cropping systems are identified through Agrarian System Diagnosis. Based on a stratified sampling of farms, activity data are collected at the crop, field, farm and regional levels. 
  • Data gaps are checked and filled in Step 4. 

Table 1 : The nested method for the multilevel environmental assessment of regional farming activities with the Agrarian System Diagnosis.
In Step 1, various sources of information are consulted to better understand local context dynamics and resulting influences on regional farming systems. etc »

Resolution and quality
Figures and tables should be of high quality.

  • Line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
  • Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi


If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.


In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your figures, please make sure that

  • All figures have descriptive captions (blind users could then use a text-to-speech software or a text-to-Braille hardware)
  • Patterns are used instead of or in addition to colors for conveying information (color-blind users would then be able to distinguish the visual elements)
  • Any figure lettering has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1